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Prayer Bead with Onyx
Japa Mala with Coral
Removes concentration deficiencies.

The earliest use of prayer beads can be traced to Hinduism, where they are called Japa Mala. Japa is the repeating of the name of a deity or a mantra. Mantras are
often repeated hundreds or even thousands of times.

A Japa mala or mala (Sanskrit:माला; mālā) meaning garland is a set of beads commonly used by Hindus and Buddhists, usually made from 108 beads, though
any number divisible by 9 is acceptable. It is used for keeping count while reciting, chanting, or mentally repeating a mantra or name/s of a particular Deity,
a practice known in Sanskrit as japa.

Japa mala are used for repetition of a mantra, for other forms of sadhana (spiritual exercise), and as meditation.
The most common materials used for making the beads are Rudraksha seeds (used by Shaivites) and Tulsi stem (used by Vaishnavites).

The 109th bead on a mala is called the sumeru, bindu, stupa, or guru bead. Counting should always begin with a bead next to the sumeru. In the Hindu,
Vedic tradition, if more than one mala of repetitions is to be done, one changes directions when reaching the sumeru rather than crossing it. The sumeru
thus becomes the static point on the mala.

Various type of materials are used to make mala beads such as seeds of the rudraksha tree, beads made from the wood of the tulasi plant, animal bone, wood or
seeds from the Bodhi tree or seeds of the Lotus plant. Semi-precious stones like carnelian and amethyst is also used. The most common and least expensive
material is sandalwood.

A mantra is a word or series of words chanted aloud or silently to invoke spiritual qualities. Chanting is used as a spiritual tool in virtually every cultural and religious
tradition. In the yogic tradition a mantra is a Sanskrit word that has special powers to transform consciousness, promote healing or fulfill desire


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